Ludwig Mies van der Rohe – “Barcelona Chair”
Le Corbusier – “The LC4” (a chaise lounge)
Rem Koolhaas – “Edge of the Seat”
Eero Aarnio – “Ball Chair”
Ettore Sottsass – Art Deco Post-Modernism
Frank Gehry – “Rocking Chaise”
Zaha Hadid – “Mesa” Glass Table
Rem Koolhaas – “Paradigm Shift”
Michael Graves – “Kettle Tea Rex” tea kettle
Daniel Libeskind – “Paragon Lamp” for Artemide
The Bessemer process was the first inexpensive industrial process for the mass-production of steel from molten pig iron.
The process is named after its inventor, Henry Bessemer, who took out a patent on the process in 1855.
The process was independently discovered in 1851 by William Kelly.
The process had also been used outside of Europe for hundreds of years, but not on an industrial scale.
The key principle is removal of impurities from the iron by oxidation with air being blown through the molten iron.
The oxidation also raises the temperature of the iron mass and keeps it molten.