ILMA of the Week: Eric Owen Moss


Eric Owen Moss (b. 1943 in Los Angeles, California) practices Architecture with his eponymously named LA-based 25-person firm founded in 1973. Throughout his career Moss has worked to revitalize a once defunct industrial tract in Culver City, California. Moss received a Bachelor of Arts from the University of California, Los Angeles in 1965, his Masters of Architecture from the University of California, Berkeley, College of Environmental Design in 1968 and a second Masters of Architecture from Harvard University Graduate School of Design in 1972. Moss taught at Southern California Institute of Architecture (SCI-Arc) in 1974 and was appointed director in 2002. He has held chairs at Yale and Harvard universities, and appointments at the University of Applied Arts in Vienna and the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts in Copenhagen.

Moss received a 1998 AIA/LA Medal for his Architectural work as well as the Business Week / Architectural Record Award in 2003 for the design and construction of the Stealth project, Culver City, California. He is a Fellow of the American Institute of Architects and received the Distinguished Alumni Award for the University of California at Berkeley in 2003. Moss received the 2007 Arnold Brunner Memorial Prize from the American Academy of Arts and Letters. In 2011, he was awarded the Jencks Award, given each year to an architect who has made a major contribution to theory and practice of architecture by the Royal Institute of British Architects. Currently, there are ten published monographs on the work of Eric O. Moss’ office.

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Bessemer Converter

A diagram of the Bessemer converter. Air blown through a lance inserted into the molten pig
iron creates aviolent reaction that oxidizes the excess carbon, converting the iron to steel.

The Bessemer process was the first inexpensive industrial process for the mass-production of steel from molten pig iron.
The process is named after its inventor, Henry Bessemer, who took out a patent on the process in 1855.
The process was independently discovered in 1851 by William Kelly.
The process had also been used outside of Europe for hundreds of years, but not on an industrial scale.
The key principle is removal of impurities from the iron by oxidation with air being blown through the molten iron.
The oxidation also raises the temperature of the iron mass and keeps it molten.