Production & Productivity: Part 4/12 of the 12 P’s–– A Guideline of Design for Architects and Other People Who Want to Save the World and Design Like an Architect #ilmaBlog #ArchitecturePosted: November 9, 2019
A 12 part series on the 12 P’s Doctrine: A Guideline of Design for Architects & Other People Who Want to Save the World and Design Like an Architect; developed by Frank Cunha III, AIA, NCARB, MBA.
Project Resource Allocation and Resource Management
The resources of an organization consist of people, materials, equipment, knowledge and time. Organizations typically have limited resources; therefore, tradeoffs on what project resources are expended and when are made every day within organizations. A resource allocation plan is an important tool in effective management of scarce resources. The timing of the need of those resources can be and should be determined within the project schedules. A resource plan, which describes the type of resource needed and the timing of that need, is critical to effective resource management. As the project schedule changes, the resource plan must also be flexible enough to adjust as these changes occur.
Production – During Design
Construction drawings are produced by the design team, and go through several drafts during the design phase before the final draft becomes part of the contract, which is then sent out to be bid on by contractors. The winning contractor is bound by all of the contract documentation, including the construction drawings (click here for more information).
- Represent the building as a whole as designed
- Are produced by the design team
- In a traditional construction environment, are created before the project is bid on
- Are official contract documents
- Are subject to mark-ups, change orders, and redlining throughout the project
- Represent building components as designed
- Are produced by the contractor and subcontractors
- In a traditional construction environment, are created after the project is awarded and before construction begins
- Are not usually official contract documents
- May be subject to mark-ups, change orders, and redlining
- Represent the building as a whole and all its components as actually constructed
- Are produced by the contractor and subcontractors
- Are produced after the project is complete
- Are sometimes mandated by the contract but are not part of the contract documents
- May be subject to change during later renovations, but represent the final documents upon completion of initial construction
Production – During Construction
Lean Project Delivery
- Lean construction is a method of production aimed at reducing costs, materials, time and effort.
- Minimize the bad and maximize the good.
- The desired outcome would be to maximize the value and output of a project while minimizing wasteful aspects and time delay.
- Beneficial for general and subcontractors
- Communication drives the project
- What goals should the project team be working toward?
- What goals can be achieved reasonably?
- What commitments has each last planner made?
- Has each contractor or supplier met their schedule promises?
- How has each company performed, and what could be changed or improved if any member of the project team fails to meet a milestone?
- Material Management and Installation
- Formal Quality Program
- Efficient Coordination of Work
- Diligent Supervision of Work
- Standardized Internal Inspection and Tests
- Third Party and Consultant Reviews
- Improved Communications
- Experienced Teams and Worker Skills
- Quality Culture
- Prefab rooms allow for simultaneous progress
- Easy assembly for large projects
- Streamlining onsite labor processes
Types of Prefab:
- Panelized Wood Framing
- Timber Framing
- Concrete Systems
- Steel Framing
- Modular Systems
Benefits of Prefab
- Financial Savings
- Consistent Quality
- Reduced Site Disruption
- Shorter Construction Time
Technology and Automation
- Software & Mobile Apps
- Offsite Construction
- AI & Machine Learning (click here for more information)
- Safety & Training (click here for more information)
- Augmented & Virtual Reality (click here)
- Site Sensors
- Labor Shortages
- Drones (click here)
- Robots (click here)
- Autonomous Heavy Equipment (click here)
- Mobile Technology
- BIM (click here)
Subscribe to our blog for updates on each of the 12 doctrines established by Frank CunhaIII, AIA, NCARB, MBA.
We would love to hear from you on what you think about this post. We sincerely appreciate all your comments – and – if you like this post please share it with friends. And feel free to contact us if you would like to discuss ideas for your next project!
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